Dakin, Henry Drysdale

SUBJECT AREA: Medical technology
[br]
b. 12 March 1880 Hampstead, England
d. 10 February 1952 Scarborough-on-Hudson, New York, USA
[br]
English biochemist, advocate and exponent of the treatment of wounds with antiseptic fluid, Dakin's solution (Eusol).
[br]
The youngest of a family of eight of moderate means, Dakin received his early education in Leeds experiencing strict scientific training as a public analyst. He regarded this as having been of the utmost value to him in his lifelong commitment to the emerging discipline of biochemistry.
He was one of the earliest to specialize in the significance of optical activity in organic chemistry, and obtained his BSc from Manchester in 1901. Following this, he worked at the Lister (Jenner) Institute of Preventive Medicine and at Heidelberg. He then received an invitation to join Christian Herter in a private research laboratory that had been established in New York. There, for the rest of his life, he continued his studies into a wide variety of biochemical topics. Christian Herter died in 1910, and six years later his widow and Dakin were married.
Unable to serve in the First World War, he made a major contribution, in collaboration with Carrel, with the technique for the antiseptic irrigation of wounds with a buffered hypochlorite solution (Eusol), a therapy which in the 1990s is still an accepted approach to the treatment of infected wounds. The original trials were carried out on the liner Aquitania, then serving as a hospital ship in the Dardanelles.
[br]
Principal Honours and Distinctions
Fellow of the Royal Society 1917. Davy Medal 1941. Honorary doctorates, Yale, Leeds and Heidelberg Universities.
Bibliography
1915, "On the use of certain antiseptic substances in the treatment of infected wounds", British Medical Journal.
1915, with A.Carrel, "Traitement abortif de l'infection des plaies", Bulletin of the
Academy of Medicine.
MG

Biographical history of technology. - Taylor & Francis e-Librar. . 2005.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Henry Drysdale Dakin — Born 12 March 1880 London, England Died 10 February 1952(1952 02 10) (aged 71) Scarsdale, New York, U …   Wikipedia

  • Henry Drysdale Dakin — (* 12. März 1880 in London; † 10. Februar 1952 bei New York) war ein englischer Chemiker. Zusammen mit Randolph West entdeckte er 1928 die Dakin West Reaktion. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Auszeichnungen 3 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Henry Drysdale Dakin — Henry Drysdale Dakin, né à Londres le 12 mars 1880, mort en 1952, était un chimiste britannique. Fils d un marchand de métaux, il fait ses études à l université de Leeds (alors Victoria University), puis se perfectionne à Londres à l… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Dakin — Henry Drysdale Dakin (* 12. März 1880 in London; † 10. Februar 1952 bei New York) war ein englischer Chemiker. Zusammen mit Randolph West entdeckte er 1928 die Dakin West Reaktion. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Auszeichnungen 3 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Dakin — may refer to: in people: Dakin of Sennar (1568 1585/6), Sudanese ruler of the Kingdom of Sennar Glenn Dakin (born 1960), British cartoonist and author Henry Drysdale Dakin (1880 1952), English chemist James H. Dakin (1806 1852), American… …   Wikipedia

  • Dakin's solution — ☆ Dakin s solution [dā′kinz ] n. 〚after H. D. Dakin (1880 1952), Eng chemist in America〛 a weak, mildly alkaline solution of sodium hypochlorite, used as an antiseptic in the treatment of wounds * * * ▪ antiseptic also called  Dakin s fluid , or… …   Universalium

  • Dakin oxidation — The Dakin oxidation The Dakin oxidation is an organic redox reaction in which an ortho or para hydroxylated phenyl aldehyde (2 hydroxybenzaldehyde or 4 hydroxybenzaldehyde) or ketone reacts with hydrogen pero …   Wikipedia

  • Dakin-West-Reaktion — Die Dakin West Reaktion ist eine Namensreaktion und nach Henry Drysdale Dakin und Randolph West benannt. Reaktion Die Dakin West Reaktion ist eine Reaktion zur Überführung von α Aminosäuren in α Acetamido ketone mittels Essigsäureanhydrid und… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Dakin–West reaction — The Dakin–West reaction is a chemical reaction that transforms an amino acid into a keto amide using an acid anhydride and a base, typically pyridine.[1][2] …   Wikipedia

  • Dakin-West reaction — The Dakin West reaction is a chemical reaction that transforms an amino acid into an amino ketone using a acid anhydride and a base, typically pyridine.Ref|Dakin1928Ref|Wiley1947Ref|Buchanan1988 It is named for Henry Drysdale Dakin (1880–1952)… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.